Pakistan is the nation of colors and with the versatility of culture and culture is what defines fashion. Pakistan was formed by the combination of many different individuals and all of them came with their own heritage and cultural values. Pakistani clothing refers to ethnic clothing that is worn by people all around Pakistan. Pakistani clotting shows the culture of Pakistan and the demographics of Pakistan and cultures of Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan, Khyber pakhtunkhwa, and Kashmir regions of Pakistan. Dresses from these regions reflect their culture, way of clothing, weather conditions, and the way of living and distinctive style of the people living in those regions which give them a unique identity among all cultures.
Pakistan’s national dress
Pakistan’s national dress is the shalwar kameez it is worn by all men and women alike. Women shalwar kameez consist of lose trousers and a kameez is referred to the shirt and it consists of dupatta which is considered an essential part of the shalwar kameez ensemble and is considered as an epitome of women’s respect. Men’s shalwar kameez consists of loose trousers as shalwar and a shirt as kameez. Pakistanis wear clothing consisting of exquisite colors and designs of various types of fabrics. Every province have its own style of wearing shalwar kameez and the fabric and clothing styles are also different according to the need of the people and the needs of the regional conditions as the thick fabric is used is the regions with low temperature and thin fabric is used in the regions with high or normal temperature.
Men’s clothing consists of shalwar kameez, kurta, waistcoat, Achkan, and Sherwani. Other items of clothing consist of some head caps such as Jinnah cap called karakul and Rumi topi called taqiyah. For footwears Peshawari chapel and khussas are the popular ones. In some regions, other clothing items include traditional pashmina shawls especially used in northern areas of the country. Different regions have different kind of clothing which represents their unique identity as in Balochistan men wears long jama like a frock down to heals and a loose shalwar. A long chadar, a pagri on the head, and shoes that nanow at the toe. The material is thick to protect them from hot and dry winds and sand. In Sindh with shalwar kameez is collaborated with Sindhi cap and ajrak. Men also wear traditional dhoti. Punjabi tradition includes shalwar kameez, dhoti, pagri and khussas. In Pashtun dress, people wear traditional Peshawari chappal, keht partuga, Peshawari cap, and turban.
Women in Pakistan wear shalwar kamiz of different styles, colors, and designs which can be decorated with different designs and embroidery. With traditional shalwar kameez can be varied with sleeves length, shirt length, and neckline. The shalwar can also be changed according to the needs of the fashion such as Patiala shalwar, churidaar, tulip shalwar, and simple trousers. The dupatta is treated as an essential accessory of women’s clothing and is considered respect for women. Dupatta is used as a decorative accessory and wrapping around neck. The embroidery may consist of kandani and goti. It is essential for entering mosques and sacred places.
In Balochistan typical Balochi women wear heavy embroidered long frocks with shalwar and headscarf. Balochi dresses mostly consist of mirror work which is famous across the whole country and it takes many days to complete a single Balochi dress. In Sindh, women have distinguished clothing for married and unmarried women. Sindhi women wear ghagra and choli which is a pullover shirt that consists of slit opening. Married women have a slit opening in the front and unmarried girls have opened in the back of the shirt. Punjabi women wear straight cut shalwar kameez and sometimes Patiala shalwar, kurta, ghagra, Langa and phulkari. Pashtun women wear traditional shalwar kameez and in some areas which are near to Afghanistan firaq partug and embroidered long shirts are worn.
Pakistani wedding dresses are famous all around the world just like Indian wedding dresses due to their unique style and bright colors. The similarities in style designs and sometimes colors are due to historical cultural similarities. A wedding is the most important day in every girl’s life and it is every girl’s dream to look gorgeous when it comes. On the wedding day, the bridal dress is the most important ingredient for a bride to look stunning. Bridal makeover consists of bridal dress, makeup, hairstyle, shoes, and bridal mehndi designs. A traditional wedding ceremony is celebrated by wearing different and colorful clothes each day according to the ongoing fashion. Usually, the attire for the wedding is different among different regions but mostly it consists of shalwar kameez for men and women with different designs and styles. The main three functions in any wedding ceremony consist of mehndi, barat, and wallima. On mehndi mostly the clotting is considered simple but with glittery colors and almost all the colors are mostly bright such as orange, green, yellow, etc. All these colors are related to the color of mehndi. In the function of Barat the bride mostly wears a heavy red and golden dress and wears shalwar kameez or Sherwani with churidaar pajama. The Barat is considered the main function of the wedding as nikkah is performed in it and on that day the woman is made the wife of the man. After that wallima is performed the next day of the barat as a celebration of a new life for both bride and groom and in wallima mostly light-colored dresses such as silver or pink are worn. The bride wears a heavy dress of any color but due to the heavy embroidery of the dress distinguish the bride from other men mostly wear pent coats or shalwar kameez on wallima. The wedding brings happiness and love to the family and relatives that’s why they are celebrated with mucus and dance which is different for different regions. Dancing and music are related to the cultural heritage of the regions and the uniqueness differentiates every region from the other but the motive behind the celebration joins them together for the big day.